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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2311\margr4663\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2311\margrsxn4663\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx3523 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 THE KALESlGAiWAR{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw-16 163}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri34\sb228\sa0\sl-242\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 iad come under the influence of the merciful teach-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri29\sb0\sa0\sl-242\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 of the Buddha.   This much, however, may  be}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri22\sb0\sa0\sl-242\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 pted as a fact that Asofca had to reckon against}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri43\sb0\sa0\sl-242\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Jdest brother, Suslma or Sumana, before he could}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri36\sb0\sa0\sl-242\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 dish his claim to the throne.   That the succession}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri22\sb0\sa0\sl-242\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 disputed is also indicated by the interval of three}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri29\sb0\sa0\sl-242\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 ur years between Asoka's accession and coronation,}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri382\sb2\sa0\sl-242\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 h may,, therefore, be dated \i circa 269 \i0 or 268 B.C.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li132\fi0\ri0\sb151\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 ^alinga War}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb120\sa0\sl-240\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 [Tie most important event of his reign was the \expndtw0 lest of Kalinga, when he had "been anointed eight \expndtw7 We have ventured the surmise elsewhere that \expndtw2 :>wer of the Nandas extended to this region, and \expndtw11 it must have asserted its independence in the \expndtw6 sion accompanying their overthrow,\super 1\nosupersub  or during \expndtw9 sturbed reign of Bindusara.   Thus, the task of \expndtw10 ring if fell to the lot of Asoka.   The Kaliriga \expndtw4 offered    stubborn    resistance, for   we learn \expndtw6 L. E. XIII that in the conflict no less than "one \expndtw9 d and fifty thousand persons  were  captured, \expndtw3 ndred thousand were slain, and many times that \expndtw8 : died/* perhaps  of privation  and pestilence, \expndtw6 iing availed them, and their country was ruth-\expndtw1 pillaged   and   conquered*   The   indescribable \expndtw3 js and atrocities of war smote the victor's cons-\expndtw13 and he made the solemn resolve that never \expndtw10 ^ould he unsheathe the sword to enlarge the \expndtw0 of his realm.\super 2\nosupersub    The war-drum \i (bhengbosd) \i0 was \expndtw10 for ever, and thenceforth   were heard only \expndtw7 rberations of the ^Dhammaghosa/ the call to}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li530\fi108\ri31\sb242\sa0\sl-199\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 appears more probable. The Kalirigas must have \expndtw5 their power, taMng advantage of Candragupta's pre-\expndtw2 s in Northern India.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li566\fi0\ri24\sb0\sa0\sl-199\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 by his sovereign will A^oka had long ago anticipated \expndtw4 g Pact, renouncing war as a policy of the State, The \expndtw2 rid War has, however, torn this Pact to shreds.}\par }